\"International Processes on Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge: Options and Negotiation Alternatives\"
The entry into force of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in December 1993 marked, the starting point for intense international, regional and national processes addressing, among others, two critical issues: first, the regulation of access to genetic resources and equitable benefit sharing (Articles 1, 15, 16, 19) and second, ensuring the legal protection of traditional knowledge (TK), particularly in its relation to biodiversity and intellectual property (IP) (Articles 10(c), 8(j)).
This paper is divided in four sections. The first part provides a brief analysis of the existing fora and the opportunities and potentials they provide for the negotiation of effective TK protection and equitable benefit sharing arrangements. The second section explores different institutional frameworks under which the negotiations on TK, Genetic Resources and IP may take place. It then offers some procedural aspects to be considered by governments when assessing the suitability of these different options. The document ends with some suggested elements for a potential recommendation of the IGCGRTKF to the WIPO General Assembly.