Access to Genetic Resources in Latin America and the Caribbean: Research, Commercialization and Indigenous Worldview

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The present publication is divided in three chapters. The first chapter focuses on scientific research related to the non-monetary benefits of ABS, with the experience of the Project showing that it is still necessary to improve dialogue and the practical mechanisms among national environmental authorities and university researchers, research centers and research institutes, among others. Thus, it is expected for the first actors to understand the needs of the scientific community regarding research, and for the latter to understand the benefits of ABS systems and stop perceiving them as a barrier to the advancement of science.
The second chapter focuses on genetic resources, looking at monetary versus non-monetary benefits, since the latter are often more valuable than those available in the market. In the Latin American context, the experience during the project evidences the difficulty in separating the genetic resource from the biological one, especially when applying a fair distribution of benefits, for example through biotrade initiatives implemented in the region.
The third chapter focuses on topics related to the viewpoints of the various stakeholders, since it is necessary to understand the access to genetic resources and benefit sharing from the perspective of the groups of more direct users, such as indigenous peoples. It is important to consider the communication of indigenous peoples and local communities with environmental authorities and researchers, because this approach actually promotes the construction of a true dialogue where the diverse knowledge about genetic resources is respected.

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