Otros Proyectos GEF sobre ABS

Lista de Expertos en ABS

 

 

Other ABS Projects 

 

 

 

 

GEF Small Grants Programme: https://sgp.undp.org/

 

Global Environment Facility (GEF) and Nagoya Protocol Implementation Fund (NPIF) Supported Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) Projects

 

GEF-4 (Funded)

 

    • Supporting the Development and Implementation of ABS Policies in Africa (7 African countries)

      www.abs-initiative.info

        • Building Capacity for Regionally Harmonized National Processes for Implementing CBD Provisions on Access to Genetic Resources and Sharing of Benefits (ASEAN)

          http://abs.aseanbiodiversity.org

            • Strengthening the Implementation of the Biological Diversity Act and Rules with Focus on its Access and Benefit Sharing Provisions (India)

              http://nbaindia.org

                • Capacity Building for ABS and Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants (Ethiopia)

                  The overall objective of the project is to initiate support for conservation, management and sustainable utilization of medicinal plants for human and livestock health in Ethiopia. This project will:

                    1. Strengthen institutional capacity.

                    2. Identify and document selected indigenous medicinal plants used for the treatment of three major human diseases (diarrhea, acute respiratory infection, helminthiasis) and two livestock diseases (endoparasitism, acariasis)

                    3. Initiate studies for the safe utilization of effective medicinal plant remedies.

                    4. Initiate in-situ conservation and management of medicinal plants.

                      The principal beneficiary population would be the majority of the country´s rural and urban poor that depend on medical plants and herbal remedies for healthcare. Moreover National benefits will include the identification, documentation and determination of safety, efficacy and dosage levels of selected indigenous medical plants commonly used for the treatment of 3 major human diseases and 2 livestock diseases that will help to improve healthcare in the future. Global benefits will occur through the conservation and management of endemic and threatened species of medicinal plans within the Bale Mountains National Park, a Globally Significant Biodiversity Area.

                       

                      GEF-5(Funded)

                        • Capacity Building for the early entry into force of the Protocol on ABS (Global)

                          Executed by the CBD Secretariat  (cbd web site http://www.cbd.int/secretariat/)

                           

                            • ABS Guatemala: Access to and Benefit Sharing and Protection of Traditional Knowledge to Promote Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use

                              The Project Objective is to develop policy and legal frameworks and institutional mechanisms for access and benefit sharing (ABS), in order to strengthen biodiversity conservation, promote rural development and support climate change adaptation that will help move Guatemala towards ratification of the Protocol.

                               

                              Guatemala has not developed legal norms that regulate access to genetic resources and benefit sharing of the use of it. This project will help to create this legal framework and administrative procedures for ABS in accordance with CDB provisions and with the Nagoya Protocol. It will also increase knowledge on the value of genetic resources and the norms of conduct of indigenous communities regarding access and benefit sharing. Therefore, to achieve these goals the project will develop 3 components:

                                1. Developing a national framework for accessing genetic resources, protecting traditional knowledge and ensuring benefit sharing.

                                2. Protecting traditional cultural knowledge associated with sustainable use of biodiversity to catalyze its potential for rural development.

                                3. Building linkages between biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

                                   

                                  Other ABS Projects 
                                  (Nayoga Protocol Implementation Fund)

                                   

                                    • Global support for the ratification and entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (30 countries)

                                      The Project objective is to assist 30 countries and given them key pieces of information to take informed decision on ratification.

                                      On the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) requests that its Parties create conditions to facilitate appropriate access to genetic resources for environmentally sound uses. It also requires them to develop and implement legislative, administrative or policy measures with the aim of sharing, in a fair and equitable way, the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources, and associated indigenous and local community knowledge, with the providers of such resources and knowledge. This should be based on mutually agreed terms and subject to prior informed consent. To this end, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is a legally binding instrument, adopted at the Tenth Meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in October 2010.

                                      The Nagoya Protocol will enter into force 90 days after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification but to be meaningful, 44 additional countries of develop and developing countries will need to ratify.

                                      This grant will support 30 GEF eligible countries to carrying out activities leading to ratification, which is necessary to regulate to establish a legal framework necessary to regulate this issue and incentives for private sector agreements. The aims of this project will be achieved through the following components:

                                        1. Rapid capacity needs assessment in the participating countries to identify institutions, policies, laws and regulations relevant for the countries in ratifying the Nagoya Protocol.

                                        2. Stakeholder engagement is aimed at raising awareness and sharing of information among key stakeholder groups of the opportunities and implications that will result from ratification of Nagoya Protocol.

                                        3. Monitoring and evaluation to ensure that the project is timely and efficiently implemented and delivers the project objectives in compliance with the GEF rules and procedures.

                                         

                                           

                                            • Discovering nature-based products and building capacities for the application of the NP in Fiji (exploring marine biodiversity for pharmaceuticals)

                                              This NPIF project will build on and expand the International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG) project “Exploration, conservation, and development of marine biodiversity in Fiji”. This NPIF project will build additional support, which will aid the government of Fiji in its development of additional ABS (and help monitor the effectiveness of the ABS policy), in order to allow conservation and drug discovery efforts to be expanded to additional coastal communities, and help build community support for conservation.

                                              The objective of the project is to build national capacities to implement a biodiscovery initiative that promotes technology transfer on mutually agreed terms, private sector engagement, and projects targeting investments in the conservation and sustainable use of in-situ genetic resources to accelerate the ratification and implementation of the Protocol. Key incremental actions that this project will implement are described below. The Ministry of Local Government, Urban Development, Housing and Environment will execute Component 3. The Centre for Drug Discovery and Conservation, University of South Pacific and Department of Environment will execute Components 1 and 2. The Government of Fiji will manage all aspects of development of ABS policy and its implementation.

                                                1. Component 1: Discovering active compounds for pharmaceutical and agrochemical uses from organisms in marine areas.  Under this Component, the project will support describing, preserving, and exploring marine biodiversity for pharmaceuticals and screening of compounds that are active against dengue, cancer, TB, drug resistant microbes, or that show promise in psychoactive screening from marine areas throughout Fiji.

                                                2. Component 2: Operationalization of ABS Agreements and Benefit Sharing.  Under this component, the project will focus on ensuring the operationalization of the ABS agreements such that some benefit sharing occurs during the course of the project. Two key benefits are envisioned - the first on building capacities of at least 10 scientists from Fiji on applying chemical-genetic approach to study mechanisms-of-action of novel bioactive natural products from marine organisms. The bioprospecting work will be linked strongly to biodiversity conservation through Locally-managed marine areas. It is expected that the project will support about 15 such sites. The project will also ensure that a national mechanism is in place to channel at least 25% of net income derived from the sale of bioprospecting products to the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA) Trust Fund for conservation and development, for those biological products derived from organisms found in marine areas.

                                                3. Component 3: Increased national capacity to operationalize Nagoya Protocol Obligations.

                                                   

                                                    • Promoting the application of the NP in Panama (pharmaceutical and agro-chemicals)

                                                      The Project objective is to discover of nature-based products for the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries and benefit sharing to promote the sustainable use of genetic resources in the Protected Areas System of Panama.

                                                      Panama´s protected areas contain high levels of globally important biological and genetic diversity. However, it is threatened for overfishing and human activities. At present Panama receives royalties from the exploration and exploitation of their genetic resources for drugs and agrochemicals, but actually the explored genetic resources that generate royalties is really small and most of the researches are made in developed countries.

                                                      The GEF Project pretend to create a long term solution, which is the realization of the potential of genetic resources in Panama to generate tangible economic benefits to the country, in the form of business, employment and capacity building opportunities, through the discovery and development of new medicines or agrochemicals, thereby providing a rationale for the preservation of the biological resources that contain the genetic material.

                                                      The Project will focus on a biodiscovery process, the enhancement of human and institutional capabilities in the country and the transfer of equipment and expertise from the United States to Panama, in order to establish a state-of-art drug discovery program.

                                                      The achievement of the solution proposed above have to struggle with the limited technical capacities, the limited awareness of the existence, use and option values of biodiversity and the limited experience with ABS agreements by developing different components, which are:

                                                        1. Discovering active compounds for pharmaceutical and agrochemical uses from terrestrial and marine organisms in protected areas and improvement of the capacities of ANAM (National Environment Agency) for their monitoring.

                                                        2. Transfer of technology and practices to facilitate the discovery of active compounds and the sustainable use of biodiversity.

                                                        3. Benefits shared with national and the Panamanian population.

                                                        4. Increase in national capacities on ABS

                                                         

                                                          • The development and production of natural dyes in the Choco Region of Colombia for the food, cosmetics and personal care industries under the provisions of the NP

                                                          The Project Objective is to implement the Nagoya Protocol on ABS through the development of nature-based products, benefit sharing and biodiversity conservation in the Choco Region in Colombia.

                                                          This project, whose executive partners are the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) and Colombian Company Ecoflora SAS, intends to be a model to demonstrate the feasibility of development initiatives derived from genetic resources in compliance with current national regulations, implementing the provisions of the Nagoya Protocol and giving the National Authorities to improve regulations needed to facilitate ABS Projects.

                                                          During 5 years Ecoflora SAS have made researches on non-timber forest products and have found out that the use of natural extracts from the Genipa Americana produce natural blue dyes. However, the main barriers to take a natural product like the blue dye form Genipa Americana to the domestic and international markets is the development and implementation of the biochemical process that would aloud scaling up the production of the dyes from the lab to industrial scale with local communities in order to establish productive relationships and this project aims at providing useful lessons to build this capacities by developing four components to success and develop this initiative.

                                                          There are:

                                                            1. The development of plant natural colorants for the food, cosmetics and personal care industries.

                                                            2. Development of the value chain involving sustainable supply and marketing capabilities for natural dyes.

                                                            3. ABS agreements and Benefit Sharing.

                                                            4. Increased national and regional capacity on ABS through negotiation and follow up of benefit sharing agreements.

                                                              Bases de datos sobre conservación

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